Answer the following questions.
(i) Which are the two main climatic factors
responsible for soil formation?
(ii) Write any two reasons for land
(iii) Why is land considered an important
(iv) Name any two steps that government has
taken to conserve plants and animals.
(v) Suggest three ways to conserve
(i)Temperature and rainfall are the two
main climatic factors responsible for soil formation.
(ii)Deforestation and the
indiscriminate use of chemical pesticides and fertilisers in
agricultural lands are two factors contributing to land
(iii)Land is among the most important
natural resources. It provides habitation to a wide variety of
flora and fauna. Human beings use land for various purposes such
as agriculture, forestry, mining, building houses and roads, and
setting up industries.
(iv) Two steps that the government
has taken to conserve plants and animals:
(a) Has set up national parks, wildlife sanctuaries and biosphere
reserves for protecting natural vegetation and wildlife; for
example, the Kaziranga National Park in Assam.
(b) Has banned the killing of lions, tigers, deer, great
Indian bustards and peacocks. It has also prohibited the trade of
the species of plants and animals protected under the
international agreement CITES.
(v)Three ways to conserve
(a) Rain-water harvesting
(b) Reducing wastage of water
(c) Replenishing ground water by promoting afforestation
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