Why does a democratic country need a Constitution?
The basic principle that a democratic country abides by is
freedom. However, granting it in absolute terms may lead to
unjust misuse of this fundamental right. Hence, a set of rules
for the same is necessary. The Constitution of a country is this
very set of rules and principles meant to avoid arbitration of
The Constitution of a democratic country follows four basic
guidelines: firstly, it upholds the ideals of its representative
country; defining the type of society we live in. Secondly, it
defines the nature of the
political system which runs the nation; for example, Nepal was a
monarchy until 2006 when the
movement finally bore fruit and a new Constitution established
Nepal as a democracy. Thirdly, the Constitution works as a
safeguard against tyrannical use of power by dominant groups
against minorities. Hence, in India, which is a melting pot of
several cultures and religions, the Constitution ensures that the
majority i.e., the Hindus do not use their status to overwhelm
the minorities predominantly comprising Muslims and Christians.
Lastly, the Constitution protects us from ourselves in
ascertaining that our whims cannot change its basic structure
i.e., provisions that guarantee
rights cannot be easily overthrown.
Thus, a democratic nation needs a Constitution to uphold its
rights of freedom and equality.
Answer needs Correction? Click Here