NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Social Science Social and Political Life - 3rd Chapter 5

Judiciary Class 8

Chapter 5 Judiciary Exercise Solutions

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Exercise : Solutions of Questions on Page Number : 64

Q1 :  

You read that one of the main functions of the judiciary is 'upholding the law and Enforcing Fundamental Rights'. Why do you think an independent judiciary is necessary to carry out this important function?


Answer :

It is necessary to have an independent judiciary to carry out the basic function of "upholding the law and enforcing Fundamental Rights" because the judiciary plays a crucial role in the functioning of India's democracy. It can function in this capacity only if it is independent of pressure from the legislature and the executive. This ensures two important things: one, the separation of powers between the judiciary, legislature and the executive can be maintained smoothly; two, any citizen can approach the courts of law if his/her Fundamental Rights are violated, without fear of disputes being solved in favour of those in power.

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Q2 :  

Re-read the list of Fundamental Rights provided in chapter 1. How do you think the Right to Constitutional Remedies connects to the idea of judicial review?


Answer :

The Right to Constitutional Remedies connects to the idea of judicial review in its capacity of protecting the rights of an individual against the working of the State legislature or executive. The Right to Constitutional Remedies allows citizens to move the court if they think that any of their Fundamental Rights are being violated by the State administration. Judicial review implies invalidation of legislative or executive action if it is seen to violate Fundamental Rights. Hence, the Right to Constitutional Remedies and judicial review are inter-connected because the latter is practiced when a Fundamental Right is violated by the State. In this case, a higher court can repeal the judgments of a lower court based on its own investigation.

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Q3 :  

In the Following illustration, fill in each tier with the judgments given by the various courts in the Sudha Goel case. Check your responses with others in class.


Answer :

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Q4 :  

Keeping the Sudha Goel case in mind, tick the sentences that are true and correct the ones that are false.

(a) The accused took the case to the High Court because they were unhappy with the decision of the Trial Court.

(b) They went to the High Court after the supreme Court had given its decision.

(c) If they do not like the Supreme Court verdict, the accused can go back again to the Trial Court.


Answer :

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Q5 :  

Why do you think the introduction of Public interest Litigation (PIL) in the 1980s is a significant step in ensuring access to justice for all?


Answer :

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Q6 :  

Re-read excerpts from the judgment on the Olga Tellis vs Bombay Municipal Corporation case. Now write in your own words what the judges meant when they said that the Right to Livelihood was part of the Right to Life.


Answer :

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Q7 :  

Write a story around the theme, 'Justice delayed is justice denied'.


Answer :

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Q8 :  

Make sentences with each of the glossary words given on the next page.


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Q9 :  

The following is a poster made by the Right to Food Campaign.

Read this poster and list the duties of the government to uphold the Right to Food.

How does the phrase “hungry stomachs, overflowing godowns! We will not accept it!!” used in the poster relate to the photo essay on the Right to food on page 61?


Answer :

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Social and Political Life - 3rd - Social Science : CBSE NCERT Exercise Solutions for Class 8th for Judiciary will be available online in PDF book form soon. The solutions are absolutely Free. Soon you will be able to download the solutions.

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