1. The Narrative Present
Notice the incomplete sentences in the following paragraphs. Here
the writer is using incomplete sentences in the narration to make
the incident more dramatic or immediate. Can you rewrite the
paragraph in complete sentences?
(You can begin: The vet and I made a dash back to the car. Bruno
(i) A dash back to car. Bruno still floundering about on his
stumps, but clearly weakening rapidly; some vomiting, heavy
breathing, with heaving flanks and gaping mouth.
Hold him everybody! In goes the hypodermic -
Bruno squeals - 10 c.c. of the antidote
enters his system without a drop being wasted. Then minutes
later: condition unchanged! Another 10 c.c. injected! Ten minutes
later: breathing less stertorous - Bruno can
move his arms and legs a little although he can not stand yet.
Thirty minutes later: Bruno gets up and has a great feed! He
looks at us disdainfully, as much as to say,
barium carbonate to a big black bear like
me?' Bruno is
(ii) In the paragraphs above from the story the verbs are in the
present tense (eg. hold, goes, etc.). This gives the reader an
impression of immediacy. The present tense is often used when we
give a commentary on a game (cricket, football, etc.), or tell a
story as if it is happening now. It is, therefore, called the
You will read more about the present tense in Unit 10
Find the adverbs in the passage below.
about adverbs in Unit 1.)
We thought that everything was over when suddenly a black sloth
bear came out panting in the hot sun. Now I will not shoot a
sloth-bear wantonly but, unfortunately for the poor beast, one of
my companions did not feel that way about it, and promptly shot
the bear on the spot.
(i) Complete the following sentences, using a
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