Answer the following questions briefly.
(i) What are tectonic plates?
(ii) Which continents of today were part of the Gondwana land?
(iii) What is the bhabar?
(iv) Name the three major divisions of the Himalayas from north
(v) Which plateau lies between the Aravali and the Vindhyan
(vi) Name the island group of India having coral origin.
(i) The convectional currents present
below the solid layer of
split the crust or the lithosphere into a number of large
fragments. These fragments are called tectonic or lithospheric
(ii) The continents that were part of
Gondwana land are Australia, Antarctica and South America.
bhabhar is that part of the Northern
Plains where the rivers, after descending from the mountains,
deposit pebbles. It is a narrow belt, having a width of about 8
to 16 km and lying parallel to the slopes of the
(iv) The three major divisions
of the Himalayas from north to south are the Great
Himalayas/Inner Himalayas/Himadri (Northernmost division),
the Lesser Himalayas/Himachal and the Shiwaliks
(v) Malwa plateau lies between the Aravali
and the Vindhyan ranges.
(vi) Lakshadweep Islands are composed
of small coral islands.
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