NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Social Science Economics Unit 3

Poverty as a Challenge Class 9

Unit 3 Poverty as a Challenge Exercise Solutions

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Exercise : Solutions of Questions on Page Number : 40

Q1 :  

Describe how the poverty line is estimated in India.


Answer :

A person is considered poor if his or her income or consumption level falls below a given minimum level necessary to fulfil basic needs. Each country uses an imaginary line that is considered appropriate for its existing level of development and its accepted minimum social norms. This is called the poverty line.

While determining the poverty line in India, a minimum level of food requirement, clothing, footwear, fuel and light, educational and medical requirements, etc., are determined for subsistence. These physical quantities are multiplied by their prices in rupees, and thereby the poverty line is arrived at. The numbers involved in the calculation of the poverty line vary. Since the economics of living in the rural parts of the country is different from that of living in the urban parts, the poverty line deducted for individuals living in the rural areas is different from that deducted for individuals living in the urban areas.

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Q2 :  

Do you think that present methodology of poverty estimation is appropriate?


Answer :

The present methodology of poverty estimation takes into account a minimum subsistence level of living rather than a reasonable level of living. A person is considered poor if his or her income or consumption level falls below a given minimum level necessary to fulfil basic needs. While ensuring the minimum necessary in terms of income is indeed essential for India to bring a large section of its population out of the clutches of poverty, the government must also focus its attention upon the broader element of human poverty. A future state may be achieved wherein everybody is able to feed himself or herself. However, in the continuing presence of factors like illiteracy, lack of job opportunities, lack of access to proper healthcare and sanitation, caste and gender discrimination, etc., such a state cannot be called a poverty-free state.

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Q3 :  

Describe poverty trends in India since 1973.


Answer :

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Q4 :  

Discuss the major reasons for poverty in India.


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Q5 :  

Identify the social and economic groups which are most vulnerable to poverty in India.


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Q6 :  

Give an account of interstate disparities in poverty in India.


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Q7 :  

Describe global poverty trends.


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Q8 :  

Describe current government strategy of poverty alleviation.


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Q9 :  

Answer the following questions briefly

(i) What do you understand by human poverty?

(ii) Who are the poorest of the poor?

(iii) What are the main features of the National Rural Employment Guarantee Act 2005?


Answer :

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<< Previous Chapter 2 : People as Resource Next Chapter 4 : Food Security in India >>

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