NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Social Science Economics Unit 4

Food Security in India Class 9

Unit 4 Food Security in India Exercise Solutions

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Exercise : Solutions of Questions on Page Number : 53

Q1 :  

How is food security ensured in India?


Answer :

Food security is ensured in a country when the three dimensions of food security are taken care of. The three dimensions are:

Availabilityof food - Presence of enough food for all the persons

Accessibilityof food - Absence of barrier on access to food

Affordabilityof food - Capability of all persons to buy food of acceptable quality

Food security has been ensured in India because of the following factors.

(i) Self-sufficiencyof food grains - India has become self-sufficient in food grains (as was its aim since Independence) during the last thirty years. This has been because of a variety of crops grown all over the country.

(ii) Food-security system- The availability of food grains has been ensured by the government with the help of a carefully designed food-security system. This system involves the maintenance of a buffer stock of food grains, and the distribution of this food among the poorer sections of the society with the help of a public distribution system.

(iii) Implementation of several poverty-alleviation programmes having an explicit food security component - Apart from the distribution of food through fair-price shops, the government has come up with several poverty-alleviation programmes that enhance food security; for example, mid-day meals and food-for-work.

(iv) Involvement of cooperatives and NGOs- In addition to the role of the government in ensuring food security, various cooperatives and NGOs are also working intensively towards this direction. Mother Dairy and Amul are two examples of cooperatives involved in ensuring food security.

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Q2 :  

Which are the people more prone to food insecurity?


Answer :

A large section of people suffer from food and nutrition insecurity in India. However, the worst affected groups areas follows:

(i) Landless and land-poor households, traditional artisans, providers of traditional services, petty self-employed workers and destitute including beggars (in the rural areas)

(ii) People employed in ill-paid occupations and casual labourers engaged in seasonal activities (in the urban areas)

(iii) People belonging to the backward sections of society, namely SCs, STs and OBCs

(iv) People belonging to economically-backward states with high incidence of poverty, tribal and remote areas and regions more prone to natural disasters

(v) People affected by natural disasters who have to migrate to other areas in search of work

(vi) Large proportion of pregnant and nursing mothers, and children under the age of 5 years

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Q3 :  

Which states are more food insecure in India?


Answer :

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Q4 :  

Do you believe that Green Revolution has made India self-sufficient in food grains? How?


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Q5 :  

A section of people in India are still without food. Explain.


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Q6 :  

What happens to the supply of food when there is a disaster or a calamity?


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Q7 :  

Differentiate between seasonal hunger and chronic hunger.


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Q8 :  

What has our government done to provide food security to the poor? Discuss any two schemes launched by the government?


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Q9 :  

Why is a buffer stock created by the government?


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Q10 :  

Write notes on:

(a) Minimum support price

(b) Buffer stock

(c) Issue price

(d) Fair-price shops


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Q11 :  

What are the problems of the functioning of ration shops?


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Q12 :  

Write a note on the role of cooperatives in providing food and related items.


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<< Previous Chapter 3 : Poverty as a Challenge Next Chapter 1 : The French Revolution >>

Economics - Social Science : CBSE NCERT Exercise Solutions for Class 9th for Food Security in India will be available online in PDF book form soon. The solutions are absolutely Free. Soon you will be able to download the solutions.

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